A child with a learning disability like dyslexia could find learning difficult and tasking if not catered for with right routines . Their understanding of what is taught is slow compared to their peers. Dyslexic readers have difficulty in reading words, which affects how their words are formed, spelling, writing, memory retention which slows learning.
Tutors and parents who care for kids with dyslexia must be sensitive to their learning difficulties and patient through their learning process. Even with a learning disability like dyslexia, such impacted kids can be helped to improve with different learning methods and routines. These methods can be used in the classroom or at home. Also, it is important to note that each dyslexic child is different and will learn at their pace, so comparisons should not be made between kids for the same method used.
Learning routines in the classroom for dyslexic readers
- Multisensory learning: this helps kids with dyslexia learn words utilizing other sensory abilities such as connecting words with sounds or touch.
- Building words with tactile materials: As much as it is a learning routine it is also fun and creative. Class projects where words are built using tactile materials such as cut-out cardboard, bricks, glitter glue, puzzles, beads, etc should be encouraged. This enables dyslexic kids to commit such words to memory faster with hands-on projects.
- Find missing letters: this can also be an activity for the class. It can be in carried out groups or individually. A word is given in class, the letters to build the word are hidden in the class, and kids are asked to find the letters that make the words. As a game, clues could be given to encourage a positive competitive spirit between kids.
- Graded on efforts: It is important teachers note to grade Dyslexic readers based on effort put in rather than if their spelling or grammar is correct or not. Efforts should be praised, also let such kids know of their progress and make corrections where necessary.
- Sharing notes: pre-recorded audio for a class lesson can be given to a dyslexic child to help the child study ahead for the lesson. This makes it easier for the child to comprehend during lessons.
- E-writing: dyslexic kids can also be encouraged to write with electronic devices. Typing words using devices like tabs and pads with assistive technologies makes the kids recognize letters and form words better. Also making use of colorful keyboards makes it stick faster to the child.
- Educational Games: Games are great ways for kids with dyslexia learn to read. These games and educational apps are great for learners. There are various educational sites such as nessy.com, dyslexiagames, dyslexic.com
- Assistive Technologies: There are different technologies available that assist dyslexia individuals. Technologies that can be useful to kids include;
- Pocket spell checkers: The dyslexic learner types in a word how they think it’s spelled, and the spell checker will return a correctly spelled match. This helps the child strengthen their confidence in both writing and spelling and commit correct spellings to memory.
- Line reader: A-line reader is a great technology tool for dyslexic readers. It magnifies and highlights the portion of text over which it is placed. This helps dyslexic readers keep focus at each point while reading through a book or worksheet and be less distracted during reading.
- Text-to-speech software: The software enables reading in a natural-sounding voice, which makes the kids understand pronunciation better. It also provides spelling checkers and highlighting tools that permit reading independence.
It is important to know if a dyslexic child is not in a special school, the teacher can ensure class inclusivity in some of the learning methods such as multi-sensory learning to avoid the feeling of learning isolation by the child.